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  Gymnacranthera farquhariana
 
  Family: MYRISTICACEAE
  Citation:  Gymnacranthera farquhariana (Hook.f. & Thoms.) Warb., Monogr. Myris. 365. 1897; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 340. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 390. 1988; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 385. 1994; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 377. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 260. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 340. 1998; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 690. 2009. Myristica farquhariana Hook. f. & Thoms., Fl. Ind. 162. 1855, non Hook. f. 1886. Myristica canarica Bedd. ex King, Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Calcutta) 3: 306. t.138. 1891. Gymnacranthera canarica (Bedd. ex King) Warb., Monogr. Myris. 368. 1897; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1212(849). 1925; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 249. 1982; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 558. 2002. Gymnacranthera eugeniifolia (A.DC.) Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Singapore 16: 447. 1958; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 420. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s): Udaipanu, Undappayin
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen dioecious trees, to 30 m high, bark 6-8 mm thick surface dark-brown, smooth; blaze red, exudation red; branchlets densely brown, pubescent. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 10-15 mm long, stout, grooved above, glabrous when mature; lamina 14.5-25 x 5-10 cm, oblong or elliptic-lanceolate, base obtuse, round or alternate, apex acuminate, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous, glaucous beneath; lateral nerves 8-17 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae obscure. Flowers unisexual, yellow; males in axillary and lateral, rusty pubescent, panicles; females 6-10 in axillary racemes; perianth tubular; lobes [3]-4, pubescent; stamens 6-12, united into a sessile column; connectives attached behind and from the base to about the middle only, anthers free at apex; ovary superior, ovoid, 1-celled, ovule 1; stigma sessile, capitate or slightly bilobed, fleshy. Fruit a capsule, 2.5-3 cm across, glabrous, rind thick; seed one, 16-18 mm across, globose, pale brown; aril laciniate as long as seeds.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-April
  District(s): Pathanamthitta, Kollam, Idukki, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Along banks of rivers in evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malaya
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 600-800
  Localities: Vazhachal, Choodal, Kulathupuzha, Puthussery, Aikdau, Kannoth, Kottur R.F., Athirumala, Attayar
   
 
   
 
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