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  Gomphandra coriacea
 
  Family: ICACINACEAE
  Citation:  Gomphandra coriacea Wight, Illustr. 1: 103. 1840; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 195(140). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 112. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 52. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 102. 1989; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 114. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 112. 1994; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 102. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 63. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 139. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 64. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 65. 1999; Pradeep, Fl. Vellarimala 41. 2000; R. Mathur in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 22. 2000; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 61. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 154. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 123. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 215. 2009. Gomphandra polymorpha Wight, Illustr. 1: 103. 1840 p.p. & Ic. tt. 953,954. 1843; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 586. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 195(139). 1915.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chottamaram, Chakkimaram, Kambilichedi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 7 m high, bark dark grey, smooth; blaze yellow; branchlets green. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate, 3-12 x 1.8-5 cm, elliptic, obovate or elliptic-obovate, apex obtuse, obtusely acute, acute or acuminate, base acute, margin entire, coriaceous; petiole 5-15 mm long, slender, grooved above, glabrous; lateral nerves 3-7 pairs, pinnate, slender, faint, intercostae obscure. Flowers polygamo-dioecious, greenish-white, in leaf opposed cymes or rarely in axillary cymes. Calyx minute, cup-shaped; lobes 4-5. Corolla 4 mm long; lobes 4-5, acute, connate into a tube, lobes inflexed at apex; male flowers. Stamens 4-5, exserted, free; filaments thick, fleshy often connate, usually with a tuft of club-shaped hairs on the back at the apex; anthers pendulous from the interior apex of the filaments, dehiscing longitudinally; disc thick, annular or 0; pistillode pubescent; female flowers. Ovary superior, oblong, 1-celled, ovules 2; style conic; stigma small or discoid. Fruit a drupe, 15 x 8 mm, pale yellow, oblong-terete, crowned with the remains of persistent stigmas; endocarp wrinkled; seed pendulous, longitudinally surrounded by raphe.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-March
  District(s): Wayanad, Palakkad, Kottayam, Kozhikkode, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Kannur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests and shola forests
  Distribution: South India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 900-1880
  Localities: Sholayar, Kallar, Rosemala, Olikkudy, Inchippara, Melmanalar, Karimala, Pooppara, Orukomban, Munnar, Vattavada, Silent Valley R. F., Boneccord, Sispara, Ranni, Konni, Chemungi, Karuvarakundu, Vellarimala, Bonaccord, Chemungi, Athirumala, Agasthymala peak
   
 
   
 
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