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  Gluta travancorica
  Citation:  Gluta travancorica Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 60. 1870; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 22. 1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 261(186). 1918; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 128. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 113. 1989; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 128. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 84. 1995; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 79. 1997; D. Chandra & S.K. Mukh. in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 456. 2000; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 179. 2002; V. Chandra. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 801. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 250. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chenkurinji, Thodappa
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Red-wood tree
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 35 m high, bark 6-8 mm thick, greyish-brown, smooth; blaze pink; exudation black, acrid. Leaves simple, alternate, crowded at the tips of branchlets, estipulate; petiole 10-20 mm, stout, glabrous, winged; lamina 8-18 x 3.5-7 cm, elliptic-ovate, obovate-spathulate or spathulate, base cuneate or attenuate, apex obtuse, sometimes emarginate; margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 13-18 pairs, pinnate, prominent; secondary laterals prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, cream coloured, 8 mm across, in axillary and terminal panicles; calyx spathaceous, splitting irregularly, deciduous; petals 4-6, inserted on the disc and adnate with it below, imbricate, spreading in flower; disc elongate, cylindric; stamens 4-6, inserted on the disc; filaments filiform; anthers dorsifixed; ovary obliquely ovoid, superior, apocarpous, sessile or stipitate, pubescent, 1-celled, 1-ovuled, pendulous; style lateral, filiform; stigma simple. Fruit a drupe, 2.5-3.5 cm across, globose, brown; pericarp thick-scurfy; seed adherent to the pericarp.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-January
  District(s): Kottayam, Idukki, Kollam, Palakkad, Thiruvananthapuram, Wayanad
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Near Threatened (NT)
  Altitude: 600-1100
  Localities: Kallar, Choondippara, Muthikulam forests, Vattapoyil, Kottaramvachapara, Kaviar, Pooyamkutty, Rockwood, Attayar, Meenmutty, Athirumala
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