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5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
  Girardinia diversifolia
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Citation:  Girardinia diversifolia (Link) Friis, Kew Bull. 36: 145. 1981; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 383. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 359. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 262. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 438. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 762. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 453. 1990; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 419. 1996; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 74. 1998; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 651. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 384. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 292. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 302. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 470. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 6504 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 760. 2009. Urtica diversifolia Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. 2: 385. 1822. Girardinia heterophylla Decne. in Jacq., Voy. 4: 151. t.153. 1844; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 551. 1888 incl. var. palmata. Girardinia leschenaultiana Decne. in Jacq., Voy. 4: 152. 1844; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1372(960). 1928. Girardinia zeylanica Decne. in Jacq., Voy. 4: 152. 1844; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1373(960). 1928; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 279. 1982. Girardinia heterophylla Decne. var. zeylanica (Decne.) Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 551. 1888.
  Malayalam Name(s): Aanachoriyanam, Aanachenthotti, Choriyanam, Chenthotti, Kuttithoova
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Nilghiri nettle
  Description: Subshrubs with white stinging hairs. Leaves alternate, 3-7-lobed, 8-15 x 10-17 cm, base cordate, lobes margin inciso-serrate, densely strigose, 3-ribbed from base; stipules to 1.5 x 1 cm, broadly oblong, auricled, acute; petiole to 10 cm long, reddish. Male flowers in axillary, cylindrical branched or unbranched spikes, white; tepals 4, 2 mm long, ovate, cucullate; stamens 4; pistillode globose. Female flowers in subterminal heads; tepals connate into a ventricose tube, 2-4-lobed; ovary flattened, ovate, style filiform. Achenes ca 3 mm across, compressed.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-November
  District(s): All Districts
  Habitat: Evergreen, semi-evergreen, moist deciduous and shola forests, also in waste lands
  Distribution: Tropical Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Vellanimala, Alampetty, Olikkudy, Kalvarimala, Kothala, Chittaruvi, Pathenthode, Damsite, Moozhiar, Mannarappara, on way to Brahmagiri, Tolpetty, Sreekantapuram, Kanthaloor forests, Kaikatty forests-Pothundy, Thamarakulam, Nadugani ghats
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