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  Garuga pinnata
  Citation:  Garuga pinnata Roxb., Pl. Corom. t. 208. 1811; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 528. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 172(121). 1915; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 63. 1982; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 94. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 86. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 99. 1989; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 107. 1990; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 87. 1996; V. Chithra & A.N. Henry in Hajra et al., Fl. India 4: 448. 1997; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 148. 2002; A.N. Henry & V. Chithra in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 634. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 203. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Annakkara, Eechakkara, Karuvembu, Kareyam, Kattukalasam, Kattunelli, Kosramba
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Garuga
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 25 m high, bark grey or brown, shallowly longitudinally furrowed, exfoliating in large irregular flakes; blaze orange-red. Leaves imparipinnate, alternate, crowded at the tips of branchlets; stipules 5 mm, falcate; rachis 15-30 cm long, pubescent; leaflets 11-21, opposite, petiolule 1-2 mm, slender, pubescent; lamina 2.8-14.8 x 1.5-6 cm, oblong-lanceolate, oblong or ovate-lanceolate, base oblique, cuneate or subacute, margin crenate or serrate, pubescent, chartaceous; lateral nerves 12-18 pairs, parallel, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Leaf galls copious. Flowers polygamous, yellow, 4 mm across, in axillary panicles to 15 cm; bracts linear to 2 mm; calyx campanulate, tomentose, deciduous; lobes 5, ovate; petals 5, oblong-lanceolate, tomentose, thickened and inflexed at apex; disc crenate, yellow; stamens 10, inserted on calyx tube; filaments 1.5 and 2.5 mm, pubescent; ovary superior, globose, pilose, 5-celled, ovules 2 in each cell; style pubescent; stigma 5-lobed. Fruit a drupe, greenish-yellow, oblong or irregularly globose, horned; pyrenes 2 or 3; seed one, with a membranous wing.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-August
  District(s): Kasaragode, Palakkad, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 150-900
  Localities: Peechi, Tolpetty, Taliparamba, Karimbam, Ayyappankovil, Mukkali forests, Karivara slopes, Karamanayar region
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