Share web
 
 
 
Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Gardenia gummifera
 
  Family: RUBIACEAE
  Citation:  Gardenia gummifera L. f., Suppl. Pl. 164. 1781; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 116. 1880; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 618(436). 1921; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 148. 1999; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 161. 2000.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kambimaram, Somanadikayam
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Gummy cape jasmine, Cumbi-gum tree, Dekamella-gum gardenia
  Description: Small trees, to 8 m high, bark 0.64 cm, greyish-brown, smooth; blaze dull yellow; exudation bright yellow resinous; branches and branchlets virgate, young parts pubescent. Leaves simple, opposite, decussate; stipules intrapetiolar, connate; petiole 1-4 mm, stout, glabrous; lamina 4-8 x 1.5-4 cm, ovate, obovate or obovate-oblong, base obtuse, round or subcordate, apex acute or obtuse, margin entire, puberulent when young, glabrous when mature, shiny, coriaceous; lateral nerves 8-20 pairs, parallel, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent; domatia present. Flowers bisexual, white turns to yellow, axillary, solitary or in lax cymes; calyx 4.5 mm, truncate, lobes 5, 1.5 mm, triangular, puberulous without, acute; corolla 4.5 cm across, cylindrical, lobes 5, 2.5 x 1.5 cm, puberulous without, obovate, obtuse; stamens 5, 1 cm long, included; ovary 6 x 3.5 mm, inferior, 1-celled, 5-gonous, ovules many; style 2.5 cm; stigma 5 angled, fusiform. Fruit a berry, 4 x 3 cm, ellipsoid or oblong; seeds rugose.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-May
  District(s): Idukki
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests near streams
  Distribution: Peninsular India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Peninsular India
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 80-1100
  Localities: Palapetty
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online
 
 
 
 
 
Website Hit Counters