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  Garcinia travancorica
 
  Family: CLUSIACEAE/GUTTIFERAE
  Citation:  Garcinia travancorica Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 173. 1869; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 265. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 74(53). 1915; N.P. Singh in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 128. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 72. 1994; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 32. 1997; Gopalan & Henry, Endemic Pl. Agasthiyamala 209. 2000; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 157. 2000 Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 87. 2002; W. Arisdason & P. Daniel in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 343. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s): Malampongu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 15 m high; bark 5-6 mm thick, rough, brown; exudation milky, yellow, sticky; branchlets obtusely 4-angled, shining. Leaves simple, opposite, decussate, estipulate; petiole 6-18 mm, slender, with small ligulate projections at base, glabrous, grooved above; lamina 5-10 x 1.2-2.5 cm, oblong, linear-oblong to subspathulate, base acute, apex obtuse or obtusely acute, margin entire, revolute, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves many, parallel, almost right angle to the midrib, slender, close, faint, intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers polygamodioecious, white; male flowers: in trichotomous, short, few flowered, terminal or subterminal cymes; pedicels short, thickened; sepals 4, orbicular, outer pairs smaller than the inner, concave, decussate; petals 4, about twice as long as sepals, shortly clawed, round; stamens numerous, in four multifid polyandrous masses, anthers bilocular, versatile; filaments short; pistillode columnar, stigma, circular, peltate; female flowers: axillary; solitary or in pairs; sepals and petals as in males; staminodes few, free, filaments complanate, linear, in 2 to 3-chotomous branches, anther loculi often divaricate, oblong; ovary superior, subglobose or pyriform, 4-locular, half-concealed by the large, convex, entire stigma. Fruit a berry, 3.7-5 x 1.2-2.5 cm, oblong to subglobose, contracted into a short, thick style with a broad imbricate stigma at the top; seeds 1-2, brown, smooth, shiny.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: May-September
  District(s): Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and shola forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Vulnerable (VU)
  Altitude: 1000-1600
  Localities: Alvarakurichi, Agastyarkudam, Ponmudi, Chemungi
   
 
   
 
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