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  Garcinia mangostana
  Citation:  Garcinia mangostana L., Sp. Pl. 443. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 260. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 73(52). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 80. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 72. 1989; N.P. Singh in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 148. 1993; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 31. 1997; W. Arisdason & P. Daniel in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 346. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 111. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 138. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Mangosta, Mangustan
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Mangosta, Mangustan, Mangosteen
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 20 m high, bark black or dark brown, smooth; exudation yellow, sticky; branchlets decussate, stout, cylindric, slightly grooved, glabrous. Leaves simple, opposite, decussate, estipulate; petiole 20-25 mm long, stout, glabrous, slightly grooved above, ligulate projections at base prominent, clasping the branches; lamina 8-25 x 4-12 cm, elliptic to elliptic-oblong or ovate-oblong, base acute, obtuse or rotund, apex acute or shortly acuminate, margin entire, often slightly revolute, glabrous, thickly coriaceous, glossy; lateral nerves numerous, parallel, close, slender, prominent, looped near the margin forming intramarginal nerve, intercostae reticulate, obscure. Flowers polygamodioecious; male flowers : pale green, to 4 cm across, 3-9 in terminal fascicles; pedicels 1.5-2 cm long; bracts orbicular, concave, scarious; sepals 4, erect, unequal, coriaceous, concave; petals 4, larger than sepals, ovate, fleshy, yellow-red inside, green red outside; stamens numerous, inserted on 4 thick, receptacular lobes below the rudimentary pistil; filaments short; anthers ovate-oblong, recurved; rudimentary pistil discoid, fleshy, red, apex conical, as long as stamens; bisexual flowers: 1-2 at the apices of branchlets, purple; pedicel 1.8-2 cm long, stout, woody; sepals 4, rarely 5, decussate, orbicular, concave, thick, persistent, outer pair shorter than inner; petals 4, purple, upto 3 cm long, orbicular, concave, thick, fleshy; stamens many, 1-2 seriate; filaments 4-5 mm long, slender, connate at base; anthers ovate-oblong, apex recurved; ovary superior, globose, smooth, 5-8-locular; ovules solitary, ascending; stigmas sessile, punctate, 5-8 lobed, lobes cuneiform. Fruit a berry; 5-7 cm across, glossy purplish-black, smooth, surrounded at base by sepals, apex crowned by 5-8 lobed stigma; pericarp thick, spongy, reddish, with yellow latex; seeds upto 8, oblong, 1-2 cm long, laterally compressed; aril opaque, very pleasant, juicy, thick, white.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): All Districts
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Native of Malaysia, widely cultivated in Tropical Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Dharppakulam
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