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  Garcinia indica
 
  Family: CLUSIACEAE/GUTTIFERAE
  Citation:  Garcinia indica (Thouars) Choisy in DC., Prodr. 1: 561. 1824; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 261. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 73(53). 1915; N.P. Singh in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 113. 1993; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 150. 2000; W. Arisdason & P. Daniel in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 337. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 138. 2009. Brindonia indica Thouars, Dict. Sci. Nat. 5: 340. 1804. Garcinia purpurea (G. Don) Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 624. 1832. Stalagmitis indica (Thouars) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 621. 1831. Stalagmitis purpurea G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 621. 1831.
  Malayalam Name(s): Punampuli,
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Brindonia tallow tree, Goa-Butter, Indian Berry, Indian gamboge, Indian Tallow Tree, Kokum, Kokam butter tree, Mangosteen oil tree, Wild mangosteen
  Description: Trees, to 15 m high, bole buttressed, bark lpale brown, very thin, smooth, rather shiny; branchlets drooping. young branches subterete, irregularly striate. Leaves simple, opposite, decussate, estipulate; petiole 5-12 mm long, slender, glabrous; lamina 6.5-11 x 1.5-4 cm, lanceolate or obovate-oblong, base attenuate, apex acute or acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, shining, membranous; lateral nerves 7-18 pairs, parallel, slender, prominent, intercostae reticulate. Flowers polygamodioecious; male flowers: 4-8 in axillary and terminal fascicles; pedicels 6 mm long; sepals 4, yellowish-orange to pinkish-orange, coriaceous, ovate-rotundate, outer ones 3-4.5 mm long, inner ones 4.5-5 mm long; petals 4, 5-6 mm long, thick; stamens many, inserted on a hemispheric subquardate torus; filaments short; anthers oblong, truncate, loculi laterally introrse; rudimentary pistil absent or a few equalling the stamens; female flowers: solitary, terminal; pedicels 3 mm long; sepals and petals as in male flowers; staminodes 10-, 18, in 4 unequal, 2 to 3 seriate phalanges alternating with petals, 1-3 mm long; ovary superior, 4-8 locular, subglobose; stigma 4-8 rayed, convex, coronate, rays tuberculate, often 2-seriate. Fruit a berry, 2.5-4 cm across, 4-8 loculed, purple or wine brown, surrounded by persistent calyx; pulp red; seeds 5-8, compressed in acidic pulp.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-August
  District(s): Kasaragode, Wayanad, Idukki
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 50-1000
  Localities: Old Devicolam
   
 
   
 
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