Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
GARDEN PLANTS
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
  Eurya nitida
 
  Family: THEACEAE
  Citation:  Eurya nitida Korth. in Temminck, Verh. Nat. Gesch. Bot. 3: 115. t.17. 1840; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 82. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 56. 1988; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 22. 1988; A.S. Chauhan & T.K. Paul in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 184. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 73. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 25. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 26,33,39. 1996; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 72. 1998; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 72. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 27. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 31. 1999; Pradeep, Fl. Vellarimala 24. 2000; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 91. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 73. 2005; K. Vivek. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 355. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 138. 2009. Eurya japonica Thunb. var. thunbergii Thw., Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 41. 1858; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 284. 1874. Eurya japonica Thunb. var. nitida (Korth.) Dyer in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 284. 1874.
  Malayalam Name(s): Arruttuvarai, Kooramar, Kattukarana, Kattu-theyila
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 8 m high, bole striate; bark brown. Leaves simple, alternate, 2-7.5 x 1-3 cm, elliptic or elliptic-oblanceolate, apex subacute, base acute or cuneate, margin serrate, coriaceous, glabrous; petiole 1-7 mm, slender, glabrous, grooved above; lateral veins 4-9 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent, secondary laterals also prominent. Flowers unisexual, white or greenish-white, 2 or more in axillary fascicles, rarely solitary; pedicel 1-2.5 mm long; bracteoles 2 at the base of calyx. Calyx lobes 5, broadly ovate to orbicular, glabrous, ciliate. Petals 5, broadly oblong to orbicular, connate at base, imbricate. Stamens 12-15, connate at base, adnate to the base of petals, anthers apiculate. Ovary superior, globose, glabrous, 3-celled, ovule many in each cell; styles 3, 1.5-2.5 mm long, united basely; stigmas 3-lobed. Fruit a berry, 3-5 mm across, globose, black; seeds small, many, dark brown, angular, reticulate.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-December
  District(s): Idukki, Kozhikkode, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kannur, Palakkad, Thiruvananthapuram, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Margins of grasslands and shola forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia and China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 1000-2000
  Localities: Pothumala, Deviar, Pachakkanam, Pampa, Kanthaloor forests, Njamakkad, Walakkad, Damsite, Valiyaparathode, Kakki hills, Chandanathode, Munnar, Ponmudi, Karuvarakundu, Teppakulam, Vavalamala, Chemungi, Athirumala, Agasthymala peak
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online