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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Diospyros racemosa
 
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Family: EBENACEAE
  Citation:  Diospyros racemosa Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 536. 1824; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 270. 1990; V. Singh, Monogr. Indian Diospyros 215. 2005. Diospyros toposia Buch.-Ham., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 15: 115. 1827; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 556. 1882; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 778(547). 1923; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 232. 1998.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Dioecious trees, to 20 m high, bark 5 m thick, greyish-brown, rather smooth, hardly peeling off; branchlets slender, glossy, drying pale brown, glabrous. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 5-12 mm long, slender, flat above, glabrous; lamina 10-30 x 2-10 cm, elliptic, ovate or oblong-lanceolate, base acute or round, apex acuminate, glabrous, coriaceous, surfaces areolate-reticulate; lateral nerves 8-9 pairs, pinnate, slender, prominent, intercostae reticulate, pellucid. Flowers unisexual, pale yellow; male flowers; 3-12 flowers in cymes, in the axils of cauducous bract or leaf; peduncle 8-12 mm long, slender, brown hairy; pedicel upto 5 mm long, slender, pilose, pilose; bract 2 mm long, hood-shaped; bracteole 1.5 mm, pilose; calyx rough but not hairy, quite entire when young at length, splitting irregularly at base; lobes acute, unequal; corolla yellow urceolate, with a very narrow throat; lobes 4, middle line pilose inside; stamens 20-30, in pairs of unequal length; filaments glabrous; pistillode none or a small disc; female flowers: usually solitary, axillary pedicel 6-10 mm, slender, with minute adpressed hairs, slightly enlarged towards apex; calyx deeply cut in to 4 tapered acute lobes, both sides seriaceous; corolla yellowish-white, urceolate to urceolate-tubular; lobes 4, triangular, acute; staminodes 12-16 in an epipetalous ring, short; ovary densely pubescent, 4-6-celled, ovules 1-in each cell; stigma short. Fruit a berry, ovoid-ellipsoid, top flattened, yellow covered with very short brown hairs, 2.5 x 2-4 cm; calyx 1.5-2.5 cm across, lobes triangular-ovate, 5-10 mm long, glabrescent.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-May
  District(s): Idukki, Palakkad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Vallakkadavu, Mukkali forests
   
 
   
 
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