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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Diospyros oocarpa
 
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Family: EBENACEAE
  Citation:  Diospyros oocarpa Thw., Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 180.1860; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3:560.1882; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 774(544). 1923; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 280. 1994; V. Singh, Monogr. Indian Diospyros 182. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s): Karunkali
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 20 m high, base of the straight bole sometimes fluted; buttresses small, concave; bark 3-5 mm thick, yellowish to pale brown, peeling off in large irregular pieces leaving scalloped pits; branchlets slender, softly hirsute. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 5-9 mm long, slender, grooved above, densely hirsute; lamina 4-9 x 2-5 cm, ovate or elliptic-oblong, base round, subcordate or cuneate, apex obtusely acuminate or subacute, margin entire, fulvous hairy on both sides, often glabrescent above except the depressed midrib, chartaceous; lateral nerves 6-10 pairs, pinnate, slender inconspicuous, intercostae reticulate, obscure. Flowers unisexual; male flowers: 3-7 together, subsessile, in axillary fulvous-silky cymes; bracts round, concave, silky hairy; calyx barrel shaped, silky; lobes 4, indistinct; corolla tubular, yellow, pubescent outside, throat narrow; lobes 3-4, about equaling the tube, ovate-oblong, much imbricate in bud; stamens 9-14, unequal, single or in pairs; filaments glabrous; anthers pilose; pistillode none or a hairy disc present; female flowers: 1-3 together, similar to and slightly larger than the male; calyx and corolla as in male flowers; staminodes 3, epipetalous; ovary superior, globose, hairy, 6-8-celled, ovule 1-in each cell; stigmas 1-3, short. Fruit a berry, oblong-ovoid, wider at the top, apiculate, glabrous, black, seated on a slightly enlarged, funnel shaped calyx; seeds oblong with 2 longitudinal groove; endosperm equbale.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-August
  District(s): Thiruvananthapuram, Idukki
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: South India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Merchiston
   
 
   
 
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