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  Cylindropuntia ramosissima
 
  Family: CACTACEAE
  Citation:  Cylindropuntia ramosissima (Engl) F.M.Knuth, Kaktus-ABC 122. 1935. Opuntia ramosissima Engl., Amer. J. Sci. Arts II, 14: 339. 1852.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrubs, intricately branched, 0.5-2 m. Stem segments firmly attached, green, ropelike, cylindric, 2-8 × 0.4-1 cm; tubercles rhombic, convex (flattened upon drying), 0.4-0.8 cm; areoles subcircular abaxially, adaxially becoming usually deltate-linear; glochid-bearing portion protruding distally, wedged between bases of 2 adjacent tubercles, (3-)4-7 × 1-1.5(-2) mm. Spines 0-5 per areole, usually in distal areoles or sometimes absent or nearly so, tan to red-brown to deep purple, aging gray; major abaxial spines 0-1(-2), the longest spine spreading, (1.5-)2.5-6 cm; adaxial spines usually reflexed, short to ca. 1 cm; sheaths baggy. Glochids in subcircular to linear adaxial tuft, yellow to tan to brown, to 2 mm. Flowers: inner tepals bronze-red ± suffused rose, with mid stripes darker, ovate, 6-13 mm, acute-apiculate to attenuate; filaments greenish; anthers yellow; style whitish or blushed with rose-pink or light green; stigma lobes whitish. Fruits maturing tan, ellipsoid to stipitate-ellipsoid, 15-30 × 10-15 mm, dry at maturity, tuberculate, developing increasingly burlike, with many bristlelike spines; areoles (32-)40-66, evenly spaced, woolly. Seeds pale yellow to tan-gray, angular to squarish in outline, warped, 4-4.5 × 3.5-4 mm, sides irregularly concave-convex; girdle smooth.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting:
  District(s): Palakkad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Grown as live fence
  Distribution: Native of Southern USA and Mexico
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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