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  Cordia octandra
  Citation:  Cordia octandra A. DC. in DC., Prodr. 9: 477. 1845; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 140. 1883; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 889(624). 1923; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 301. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 214. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 260. 1998; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 332. 2005. Cordia serrata sensu Wall. in Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 333. 1824, non A. Juss. 1830.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Small trees, to 10 m high; bark 8.5 mm, pale brown or dark grey, stringy; branchlets sparsely hairy. Leaves simple, subopposite and alternate, estipulate; petiole 20-50 mm long, slender, glabrous; lamina 5-13 x 3-8 cm, ovate, base acute or rounded, apex acuminate; margin entire or serrate, scabrous, membranous; 3 nerved from base, lateral nerves 3 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae scalariform, prominent. Flowers polygamous, white, 8.5 mm across, in terminal dichotomous, long peduncled corymbose cymes; pedicel pilose; calyx 14 mm long, cupular, densely woolly within, sparsely hairy outside, accrescent; corolla 20 mm long, campanulate, lobes 7-9, oblong, obtuse; stamens 8, alternately long and short; filaments shorter than corolla lobes, hairy at base; ovary superior, obovoid, 4-celled, ovule one in each cell; style short or absent; stigma sessile, 2 lobed. Fruit a drupe, 3 x 1.5 cm, ellipsoid, glabrous, acute; seed one.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-December
  District(s): Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Kollam, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Rose
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Vazhachal, Kallar, Pamba, Pampa-Sabarimala
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