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  Cleome monophylla
 
  Family: CAPPARACEAE
  Citation:  Cleome monophylla L., Sp. Pl. 672. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 168. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 41(29). 1915; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 34. 1982; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 46. 1988; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 70. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 66. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 21. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 57. 1990; Sundararagh. in B.D. Sharma & N.P. Balakr., Fl. India 2: 312. 1993; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 42. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 53. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 15. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 20. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 13. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 55. 2005; R. Sundara. & N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 242. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 92. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 116. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Cheruvela, Kattukadugu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Erect annual herbs, up to 40 cm high, glandular-pubescent; stem branched, angled, striate. Leaves simple, alternate, 1.5-5 x 1-2.5 cm, ovate-oblong, or linear-lanceolate, base truncate, margins ciliate, apex acute; petiole up to 3.5 cm long. Racemes terminal, lax, up to 15 cm long. Flowers 1-1.5 cm across; pedicel up to 8 mm long, glandular pubescent. Sepals 3-4 mm long, linear, acuminate. Petals pink or light purple, 6-10 x 1.5-2 mm, obovate or spathulate, base clawed, apex rounded. Stamens 6; filaments 5-8 mm long, unequal. Ovary 5-8 mm long, linear. Capsule 7-10 cm long, linear, subcylindric, beaked, strongly ribbed, glandular, hairy; seeds c. 2 mm across, subobicular, ridged, dark brown.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-August
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Degraded deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Tropical Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Pink, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Chinnar, Kumily, Vengoli, Puthukulam, Tolpetty, Mukkali forests, Dhoni R. F., Bhavani river bank, Kanichukulangara, Vazhikadavu-Gudalloor roadside
   
 
   
 
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