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  Citrullus lanatus
  Citation:  Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsumara & Nakai, Cat. Sem. Hort. Bot. Univ. Tokyo 1920: 38. 1920; Chakrav., Fasc. Fl. Ind. 11: 22. 1982; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 122. 1982; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 173. 1985; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 175. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 285. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 217. 1990; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 153. 1998; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 317. 2009. Momordica lanata Thunb., Prodr. Fl. Cap. 13. 1794. Colocynthis citrullus (L.) O. Ktze., Rev. Gen. Pl. 1: 256. 1891. Cucurbita citrullus L., Sp. Pl. 1010. 1753. Citrullus vulgaris Schrad., Ind. Sem. Gotting 2. 1833; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 621. 1879; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 536(379). 1919.
  Malayalam Name(s): Churakka, Peykommutti, Thannimathan, Vattakka, Vatthakka
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Water Melon
  Description: Annual herbs; stem angular, villous; tendrils bifid. Leaves c. 14 x 10 cm, deeply 3-5-lobed, villous; lobes obovate-oblong or obtuse-rotund, apical ones sometimes lanceolate, acute or acuminate; petiole to 10 cm long. Flowers axillary, solitary; penducle 1-3 cm long in male, 2-6 cm long in female, villous. Calyx-tube to 4 mm, equal to lobes. Corolla lobes 1-1.5 x 0.3-4 cm, ovate, villous, yellow. Stamens 3, inserted at the base of calyx tube; filaments in male free; anthers one 1-celled, others 2-celled. Ovary in female flowers ovoid. Fruits upto 20 cm across, subglobose. Seeds many, smooth, black, ovoid, compressed.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-April
  District(s): Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kasaragode, Idukki, Palakkad, Malappuram, Kozhikkode
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Africa, widely cultivated in Tropical and warmer zones of the World
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Nileswar, Vandanam
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