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  Cayratia japonica
  Family: VITACEAE
  Citation:  Cayratia japonica (Thunb.) Gagnep. in Lecomte, Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 349. 1911; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 237(169). 1918; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 103. 1985; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 123. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 120. 1994; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 112. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 150. 1997; Shetty & P. Singh in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 269. 2000; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 132. 2005; B.V. Shetty & P. Singh in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 742. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 232. 2009. Vitis japonica Thunb., Fl. Jap. 104. 1784. Vitis tenuifolia Wight & Arn., Prodr. 129. 1834 p.p.; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 660. 1875.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Bush killer
  Description: Scandent herb; branches subterete, striate, pubescent; tendrils branched or not, slender. Leaves 5-foliolate, pedate, glabrous to pubescent. Petioles 3-8 cm long; terminal leaflet ovate, orbicular-ovate to elliptic, cuneate to acute or rounded at base, serrate at margin, acuminate to acute at apex, 4-8.5 x 3-4 cm; petiolules 1-2 cm long; lateral leaflets slightly oblique at base with apex and margin as in terminal leaflet, 2.5-6.5 x 1.5-3 cm; petiolules 3-10 mm long. Inflorescences 7-16 cm long; peduncles 5-10 cm long, pubescent to glabrous. Flower buds ovoid, pubescent; pedicels 1-2 mm long, pubescent. Calyx saucer-like. Petals oblong, ca 1.5 x 0.9 mm. Disc covering ovary. Berries ca 7 mm across, 3-4 seeded. Seeds obovoid, acute at base, ca 5 x 4 mm with a longitudinal ridge in middle and a pit on either side of it on adaxial surface, with a linear chalazal knot prominently rugose at sides on abaxial surface; endosperm T-shaped in cross section.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-June
  District(s): Kasaragode, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Palakkad, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Peechi, Lower Moozhiar, Karimbam, Mukkali forests, Vadapuram
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