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  Castanospermum australe
 
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Castanospermum australe A. Cunn. & Fraser in Hook.'s Bot. Misc. 1:241. t.51.1830; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 110. 1992; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 85. 2002.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Moreton bay chestnut, Australian chest nut
  Description: Trees, to 25 m high; bark greyish-brown, smooth, blaze dull yellow. Leaves imparipinnate, alternate, stipulate; rachis 35-55 cm long, stout, pulvinate, glabrous; leaflets 9-19, subopposite; petiolule 3-5 mm long, stout, grooved above, glabrous; lamina12-15 × 3-5 cm, elliptic, oblong, elliptic-lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, base obliquely acute, apex acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 7-10 pairs, pinnate, slender, prominent, intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers bisexual, orange, in 12 cm long, racemes which may be axillary or from the old wood; peduncle to 2.5 cm long; calyx 2 cm, turbinate, broadly 5-lobed; petals 5; standard obovate-orbicular, clawed; wings and keels oblong, to 2 cm; stamens 5, free; ovary inferior, stalked, glabrous, ovules few. Fruit a pod, to 12 x 1 cm, turgid, woody, terete, 2-valved; seeds subglobose, 3 cm wide.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-October
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Grown as ornamental tree
  Distribution: Native of Australia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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