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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Calophyllum calaba
 
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Family: CLUSIACEAE/GUTTIFERAE
  Citation:  Calophyllum calaba L., Sp. Pl. 514. 1753; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 51. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 67. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 24. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 30. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 21. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 81. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 69. 2005; W. Arisdason & P. Daniel in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 330. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 106. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 133. 2009. Calophyllum apetalum Willd., Ges. Naturf. Fr. Berlin Mag. 5: 79. 1811; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 79. 1984; N.P. Singh in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3:88.1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 69. 1994; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 69. 1990; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 70. 2000. Calophyllum decipiens Wight, Ic. t. 106. 1839; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 76(54). 1915. Calophyllum wightianum Wall. ex Planch. & Triana, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 4. 15: 256. 1862; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 274. 1874.
  Malayalam Name(s): Aattupunna, Cherupunna, Manjapunna, Porapunna, Punna
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Poon spar of Travancore
  Description: Trees, to 20 m high, bark 15-18 mm thick, surface yellowish-brown, reddish-brown inside rough, deeply fissured; branchlets slender, quadrangular, finely, minutely tomentellous to almost glabrous. Leaves simple, opposite, decussate, 5-11 x 3-5 cm, obovate, ovate-oblong or oblong, apex retuse or obtuse, base acute, cuneate, cuneate-subacute or cuneate-round, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves many, parallel, very close, slender, prominent, intercostae obscure ; petiole 4-12 mm long, stout, minutely tomentellous, glabrescent or glabrous, canaliculated above. Flowers bisexual, white, 10-12 mm across, in axillary panicles; peduncle densely rusty pubescent, 5 10 mm long, slender; pedicels 5-20 mm long, with small deciduous bracts at the base, glabrous or sparsely pubescent. Sepals 4, white, 8 x 5 mm oblong or obovate, concave, sometimes slightly pilose outside, inner ones thinner, narrower, up to 7 mm long. Petals absent. Stamens numerous, filaments 4-6 mm long, slender; anthers large. Ovary superior, globose, 1-celled, ovule 1, erect; style slender, 3 m long; stigma peltate, concave. Fruit a drupe, 10-12 mm, ovoid, bright orange or yellowish-orange; pericarp thin, pleasantly sweet, edible; seed ovoid to ellipsoid, pale brown.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-May
  District(s): Palakkad, Alappuzha, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Kozhikkode, Kasaragode, Kannur, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests and sacred groves
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 300-1300
  Localities: Vazhachal, Champakkad, Vallakkadavu, Attathodu, Arayad, Orukomban, Thekkuthode, Thannithode, Karivara slopes, Kanichukulangara, Nedumkayam, Meenmutty
   
 
   
 
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