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GARDEN PLANTS
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  Bulbophyllum sterile
 
  Family: ORCHIDACEAE
  Citation:  Bulbophyllum sterile (Lam.) Suresh in Nicolson, Suresh & Manilal, Interpr. Hort. Malab. 298. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 777. 1990; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 680. 1997; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 658. 2002; Sathish & Manilal, Orchid Memories 171. 2004; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 479. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 674. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 790. 2009. Epidendrum sterile Lam., Encycl. 1: 189. 1783. Bulbophyllum neilgherrense Wight, Ic. t. 1650. 1851; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 761. 1890; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1418(992). 1928; Abraham & Vatsala, Introd. Orchids 334. 1981; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 284. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 390. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 367. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 271. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 447. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 468. 1990; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 374. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 27. 1996; Muktesh, Epiphytic Fl. Western Ghats 80. 1998; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 435. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 310. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 405. 1998; Sathish in Manoharan et al., Silent Valley-Whispers Reason 196. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 321. 2002.
  Malayalam Name(s): Mookittakaya
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Epiphytes; rhizome creeping, stolon-like. Pseudo-bulbs fleshy, yellowish-green, 2-3 cm long, conical-ovoid, faintly 4-angled. Leaves single, apical, sessile, 4-12 x 1.5-3 cm, elliptic-oblong, apex obtuse, coriaceous. Racemes lateral, 6-10 cm long, sheathing at base. Flowers brownish, c. 1 cm long, dense; bracts small, oblong-lanceolate. Lateral sepals 1 cm long, ovate-acuminate; dorsal sepal c. 5 mm long. Petals small; lateral petals ovate-triangular, awned. Lip dark red, 3-lobed, spurred at base, mid-lobe thick, grooved dorsally, fleshy, laterals membranous. Column short, produced above into 2 teeth.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-January
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Common in all forest types
  Distribution: Peninsular India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Myanmar
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): Yes
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Brown
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 500-800
  Localities: Peechi, Rosemala, Koruthode, Pamba, Puliyala, Silent Valley R. F., Nilikkal, Chathanathara, Nileswar, Panathur, Taliparamba, Kannoth, Karimbam, Pottikkal forest, Karivara slopes, Kanichukulangara, Machiri, Saivila, Kalangkunnu, Attayar
   
 
   
 
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