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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Artanema longifolium
 
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE
  Citation:  Artanema longifolium (L.) Vatke, Linnaea 43: 207. 1881; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 280. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 314. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 278. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 509. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 321. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 325. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 249. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 318. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 221. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 467. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 276. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 214. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 480. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 355. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 490. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 576. 2009. Columnea longifolia L., Mant. Pl. 1: 90. 1767. Achimenes sesamoides Vahl, Symb. Bot. 2: 71. 1791. Artanema sesamoides (Vahl) Benth., Scroph. Ind. 39. 1835; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 274. 1884; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 955(670). 1923.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kolivalan, Vathom-varetti, Vayalchulli
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Undershrubs. Leaves opposite, to 20 x 8 cm, elliptic, acuminate, serrate, attenuate at base, glabrous; nerves to 6 pairs, distinct below; petiole short or absent. Racemes terminal, to 20 cm long; bracts leafy; bracteoles absent. Flowers sessile, to 25 mm long; calyx 12 mm long, campanulate, divided to the middle, lobes acuminate, glabrous; corolla 2.5 cm long, 2-lipped, deep violet, upper lip round or emarginate, lower lip 3-lobed, lobes orbicular; stamens 4, filaments of longer stamen curved or arched, with an orbicular basal appendage, anthers connate in pairs; ovary 2-furrowed, many-ovuled; style long, slender, stigma spathulate. Capsule 7 x 8 mm, depressed globose; seeds cylindrical, puberulus, brown.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-December
  District(s): Palakkad, Kottayam, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests and grasslands
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: Yes
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Violet
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 400-700
  Localities: Sholayar, Rosemala, Kallar, Pachakkanam, Thannikkudy, Anakkalvayal, Mananthavady, Kakki hills, Naduvathumoozhy, Tolpetty, Chindaki forest, Mukkali forests, Vaniampuzha, Kulathupuzha, Thenmalai, Peppara, Meenmutty
   
 
   
 
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