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  Alternanthera sessilis
 
  Family: AMARANTHACEAE
  Citation:  Alternanthera sessilis (L.) R. Br. ex. DC., Cat. Hort. 4: 77. 1813; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 245. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 330. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 312. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 377. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 334. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 666. 1990; Joseph, Aquatic Angiosp. Malabar 49. 1991; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 386. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 377. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 293. 1995; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 559. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 253. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 329. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 258. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 254. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 406. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 591. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 670. 2009. Gomphrena sessilis L., Sp. Pl. 225. 1753. Alternanthera triandra Lam., Encycl. 1: 95. 1785; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1179(825). 1925.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kozhuppa, Kozhuppacheera, Meenamgani, Ponamgani, Ponnamkannikkeera
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Sessile joyweed
  Description: Decumbent herbs, stem glabrous. Leaves simple, opposite, 3-4 x 1 cm, elliptic-oblong to oblanceolate, apex obtuse, base attenuate into a petiole, crenate, glabrous. Spike 7-12 x 5 mm, sessile, solitary or 2-3 together; bracts and bracteoles similar, 1 mm long, broadly ovate, acute, glabrous. Flowers yellowish red. Tepals equal, 2.5 x 1.5 mm, ovate, acute, glabrous, 3-nerved at base. Stamens 3. Achenes 2 x 2 mm, obovoid, emarginate at apex; seed orbicular, compressed, brown.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Along sides of water courses and marshy areas
  Distribution: Pantropical
  Aquatic: Yes
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Thenmala, Chinnar, Kavalappara, Thekkady, Thellickal, Tiruvalla, Kumbla, Manjeswar, Nileswar, Taliparamba, Begur, Tellicherry, Mundurapalai river side, Dhoni R. F., Anamadai area, Nedumkayam, Canoli, Nellikuth, Thenmalai, Vandalodu, Ariankavu, Ma
   
 
   
 
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