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  Alphonsea sclerocarpa
  Citation:  Alphonsea sclerocarpa Thw., Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 11. 1858; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 89. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 23(16). 1915; Debika Mitra in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 211. 1993; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 11. 1999; M. Mohanan in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 133. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s): Thutta
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Small trees 10-15 m, braches rugose, glabrous; branchlets drooping. Leaves simple, alternate, distichous, estipulate; petiole 6-8 mm long, slender, glabrous; lamina 3.5-10 x 1.5-4 cm, oblong, oblong-lanceolate, elliptic ovate; base cuneate or attenuate; apex obtuse, entire, coriaceous, glabrous; lateral nerves 5-10 pairs, slender, pinnate, prominent; intercostae reticulate. Flowers bisexual, greenish-yellow, fascicled on very short axillary peduncle or in leaf opposed cymes; peduncle 15 mm long; pedicel 3-6 mm long, pubescent; sepals 3, 1 x 1 mm, united at base, orbicular, reflexed, pubescent; petals 6(3+3) ovate, acute, ochraceous, outer and inner whorls subequal 9 x 4 mm, base pouched, tip slightly recurved, pubescent; torus terete; stamens 15-25, 1-2 mm long, sessile, connectives flat at top, not concealing the anthers; carpels 3-6, oblong, ca. 2 mm long, muricate; ovules ca.8 in 2 rows; style short, glabrous; stigma sessile, capitate. Fruits aggregate of berries, 3-4 x 2-3 cm, subglobose, 3-5 in a cluster, rugose, minutely fulvous tomentose, yellow, stalk 5-8 mm long, stout; seeds 6, biseriate, red.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-October
  District(s): Idukki, Thiruvananthapuram
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests and also in sacred groves
  Distribution: South India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Chinnar, Alampetty
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