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  Aeschynomene indica
 
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Aeschynomene indica L., Sp. Pl. 713. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 151. 1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 313(234). 1918; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 84. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 136. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 124. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 157. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 145. 1990; Joseph, Aquatic Angiosp. Malabar 168. 1991; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 75. 1992; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 134. 1994; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 88. 1998; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 197. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 264. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Nellithali, Nettithakkai, Thakkapundu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Erect, annual herbs upto 1 m tall; branchlets glabrous to hispid. Leaves 4-10 cm long; leaflets 15-30 pairs, subsessile, 2.5-7 x 1-2 mm, linear-oblong or elliptic-oblong, base oblique, apex obtuse, apiculate; stipules 5-10 mm long, lanceolate, acuminate, peltate. Flowers 7-10 mm long in 1-4-flowered axillary racemes; pedicel to 5 mm long; bracts c. 5 mm long, ovate, acuminate, bracteoles 2-3 mm long, c. 1 mm wide, ovate-lanceolate. Calyx 4-5 mm long, deeply 2-lipped, glabrous. Corolla exserted, pale yellow; standard orbicular, red-striped; wing obovate; keel to 7x3 mm, oblong. Staminal sheath to 4 mm long. Ovary to 6 mm long; ovules many; style c. 3 mm long. Pods 2.5-3.7 x 0.4-0.5 cm, linear, compressed, straight or curved with 4-8 joints, long stalked, sometimes muricate. Seeds 2.5-3.5 mm long, reniform, dark brown.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-December
  District(s): Thrissur, Thiruvananthapuram, Alappuzha, Kollam, Idukki, Palakkad, Kannur, Malappuram, Kozhikkode, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests and waterlogged areas in the plains
  Distribution: Pantropics, probably native in South East United States
  Aquatic: Yes
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Pambavalley, Baveli, Pannamgatri-Nemmara, Pattanakadu
   
 
   
 
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