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  Ziziphus rugosa
 
  Family: RHAMNACEAE
  Citation:  Ziziphus rugosa Lam., Encycl. 3: 319. 1789; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 636. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 221(158). 1918; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 67. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 117. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 102. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 58. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 101. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 121. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 119. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 69. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 12, 25, 31; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 110. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 69. 1997; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 65. 1998; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 148. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 72. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 70. 1999; Bhandari & Bhansali in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 241. 2000; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 68. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 166. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 132. 2005; P.V. Sreekumar & A.N. Henry in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 734. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 175. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Juli, Kottamullu, Malamthudali, Thodali
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Scandent shrubs, thorns, recurved. Leaves simple, alternate, 9-12 x 4-7 cm, ovate-orbicular, apex acute, base unequally cordate, fulvous-tomentose beneath, coriaceous, crenulate; petiole to 1 cm long. Flowers 6-20 together; subsessile, 5 mm across; sepals densely tomentose outside; disk flat, glabrous; ovary densely tomentose, 2-celled; styles 2, curved. Drupe to 1.3 cm, globose, white, glabrous.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-May
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Grasslands and deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Myanmar
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1800
  Localities: Sholayar, Vellanimala, Moolakkayam, Palapetty, Koruthode, Kumarikulam, Vengoli, Silent Valley R. F., Damsite, Moozhiar, Begur, Tolpetty, Taliparamba, Ayyappankovil, Karivara slopes, Kolipara river bank, Braemore, Angadikkal, Kanjirakadavu, Thenmalai, Ett
   
 
   
 
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