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  Zehneria scabra
 
  Family: CUCURBITACEAE
  Citation:  Zehneria scabra (L. f.) Sond. in Harv. & Sond., Fl. Cap. 2: 486. 1862; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 122. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 202. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 217. 1990; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 154. 1995; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 302. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 158. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 138. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 292. 2002; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 397. 2009. Bryonia scabra L. f., Suppl. Pl. 423. 1781. Zehneria hookeriana Arn. in Hook.'s, J. Bot. 3: 275. 1841; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 624. 1879. Melothria perpusilla sensu Chakrav., Rec. Bot. Sur. India 146. 1959 p.p., Melothria mucronata sensu Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 538(380). 1919, non (Blume) Cogn. 1881.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Glabrous climbers. Leaves to 7 x 7 cm, triangular, cordate at base, 3-lobed or entire, glandular toothed; petiole to 3 cm long. Umbel 3-5 flowered; peduncle 1.5 cm long. Female flowers 5 mm across; calyx tube 2 mm long, campanulate; petals 2.5 x 2 mm, obovate; stigma 3-lobed. Male flowers larger, 8 mm across; petals ovate, acute; anthers 1 mm long, connective pubescent. Berry 7 mm across, globose; seeds 5 x 4 mm, obovate, biconvex, smooth, not marginate.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-June
  District(s): Palakkad, Thiruvananthapuram, Idukki, Malappuram, Kannur, Kollam, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Forest margins
  Distribution: Tropical Africa, India and South East Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 1000-1500
  Localities: Uppermanalar, Vellimala, Karimala, Damsite, Pathenthode, Begur, Chandanathode, Kanthaloor forests, Anavayee forests, Thalichola, Ariankavu, Ettapadappu, Adhancovil, Athirumala, Chemungi, Pongalapara
   
 
   
 
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