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  Zehneria maysorensis var. maysorensis
 
  Family: CUCURBITACEAE
  Citation:  Zehneria maysorensis (Wight & Arn.) Arn. in Hook.'s, J. Bot. 3: 275. 1841, var. maysorensis; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 180. 1989; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 122. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 216. 1990; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 22,36. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 206. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 136. 1997; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 46. 1998; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 301. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 157. 1998; Pradeep, Fl. Vellarimala 69. 2000; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 137. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 292. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 238. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 397. 2009. Bryonia maysorensis Wight & Arn., Prodr. 345. 1834. Melothria mucronata sensu Chakrav. Rec. Bot. Sur. India 17: 148. 1959, non (Blume) Cogn. 1881. Melothria perpusilla var. subtruncata Cogn. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan 3: 606. 1881; Chakrav., Fasc. Fl. Ind. 11: 86. 1982. Melothria perpusilla sensu Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 538(380). 1919, non (Blume) Cogn. 1881.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Herbaceous climbers; stem slender, glabrous. Leaves shallowly 3-angled, alternate, 7-8 by 6.5-8 cm, broadly ovate, cordate at base, acute-acuminate at apex, serrate along margins, minutely and densely punctuate above, glabrous to minutely papillate beneath; nerves usually sparsely hispid beneath; petiole 2-3 cm long, glabrous or sparsely hispid beneath near the lamina; tendrils simple. Plants monoecious. Flowers cream-yellow. Male flowers subumbellate; peduncle 2-4 cm long; pedicels ca 2 mm long. Calyx tube campanulate, ca 3 mm long, glabrous outside, hairy inside; lobes minute, teeth-like. Corolla lobes ovate, acute at apex, ca 2.5 mm long. Stamens 3; filaments ca 3 mm long; anthers ca 1 by 1.25 mm, papillose. Disk ca 0.5 by 0.75 mm. Female flowers solitary, axillary or co-axillary to the male peduncle; pedicels ca 2 mm long. Calyx oblong, ca 6 by 2 mm. Style ca 3.5 mm long; stigma spreading. Disk 3-lobed, ca 0.75 by 1.25 mm. Staminodes 3, filiform, ca 3 mm long, hairy. Fruits oblong, ca 1.7 x 1.1 cm, finely reticulate rugose; seeds flattened, broadly obovate, 3.5 by 2 mm, smooth at faces.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-December
  District(s): Palakkad, Kottayam, Kozhikkode, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kannur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Degraded forests and grasslands
  Distribution: India to South East Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1400
  Localities: Peechi, Rosemala, Kallar, Koruthode, Karimala, Nelluyampathy forests, Mukkali forests, Damsite, Sabarimala, Moozhiar, Nadugani ghats, Thalichola, Vellarimala, Pongalapara
   
 
   
 
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