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  Zanonia indica
 
  Family: CUCURBITACEAE
  Citation:  Zanonia indica L., Sp. Pl. (ed. 2) 1457. 1763; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 633. 1879; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 543(383). 1919; Chakrav., Fasc. Fl. Ind. 11: 124. 1982; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 121. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 216. 1990; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 157. 1998; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 328. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 396. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Peenarvalli
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Woody dioecious, perennial climbers; tendrils simple or bifid, elongate. Leaves 8-22 x 4-12 cm, ovate-oblong, base rounded, apex acute, subcoriaceous, trinerved; petiole 4-11 cm long. Flowers small, males arranged in lax pendulous panicles, females racemose. Male flowers: pedicels 4-5 mm long; sepals c. 2 mm long, ovate, acute; petals upto 3.5 x 1.5 mm, oblong, obtuse, buff-coloured. Female flowers: peduncles to 18 cm long; pedicels thick; sepals 3-4 x 3-4 mm, petals 5-7 x 3-4 mm; ovary 8-10 mm long, obconic-cylindric; ovules pendulous, 2-many in each locule; styles 3, apex bifid. Fruit 6-10 x 2.5-3 cm, elongate-cylindric, 3-valved at the truncate apex. Seeds 3-4 x 1-1.3 cm, oblong, compressed, surrounded by a large membranous wing.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-November
  District(s): Alappuzha, Idukki, Palakkad, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Degraded forest areas
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Vallakkadavu, Campshed area, Marapalam-Pothundy, Mukkali forests, Cherthala, Vandanam
   
 
   
 
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