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  Woodfordia fruticosa
 
  Family: LYTHRACEAE
  Citation:  Woodfordia fruticosa (L.) Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. 40: 56. 1871; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 511(361). 1919; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 115. 1982; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 203. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 144. 1995; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 307. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 383. 2009. Lythrum fruticosum L., Syst. (ed. 10) 1045. 1759. Woodfordia floribunda Salisb., Parad. Lond. t. 42. 1806; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 572. 1879.
  Malayalam Name(s): Thathiripoovu, Thathiri
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Fire flame bush, Shiranjitea, Woodfordia
  Description: Deciduous shrubs to 3 m tall with spreading stems. Leaves simple, opposite, subsessile, 4-11 x 2-4 cm, ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, subcoriaceous, whitish velvety tomentose and finely orangish- or black-punctate beneath. Flowers crimson, slightly zygomorphic, in 2-16-flowered axillary cymes; pedicels to 1 cm long. Calyx tube 1-1.5 cm long, tubular; lobes 6, short, more or less triangular, alternating with small callous appendages. Petals 6, red, 3-4 mm long, lanceolate-acuminate. Stamens 12, inserted near the bottom of the calyx tube, 0.5-1.5 cm long. Ovary 4-6 mm long, oblong, 2-celled; ovules many; style 0.7-1.5 cm long. Capsule 0.6-1 x 0.25-0.4 cm, ellipsoid, included in the calyx; seeds numerous, trigonous-ovoid.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-April
  District(s): Kozhikkode, Alappuzha, Kollam, Thiruvananthapuram, Wayanad, Ernakulam, Thrissur, Kannur, Malappuram, Palakkad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Cultivated as medicinal plants
  Distribution: Paleotropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: KFRI garden, Muhamma, Thenmalai
   
 
   
 
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