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  Withania somnifera
 
  Family: SOLANACEAE
  Citation:  Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal in DC., Prodr. 13: 453. 1852; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 239. 1883; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 940(660). 1923; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 575. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Amukkuram
  Tamil name(s): Aswagandha
  English name(s): Winter cherry
  Description: A suffruticose shrub, 60-90 cm tall. Branches ascending. Shoots stellate-tomentose. Leaves 4-13 x 2-9 cm, elliptic-ovate to broadly ovate, acute, cuneate or oblique, entire to repand. Petiole 10-20 mm long. Flowers sessile to subsessile, greenish-yellow, in axillary clusters of 2-5.Calyx 2-2.5 x 2.5-3 mm, up to 2.0 x 14 mm in fruit, stellately hairy, becoming glabrescent and membranous; teeth 1-1.5 mm long, up to 8 mm in fruit, acute. Corolla lobes 2-2.5 mm long, triangular, tomentose to the outside. Anthers sub included; filaments 1-2.5 mm long. Berry globose, 6-8 mm broad, red. Seeds sub pyriform to reniform, minutely reticulate-foveolate, yellowish-brown.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-January
  District(s): Palakkad, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Paleotropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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