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  Waltheria indica
 
  Family: STERCULIACEAE
  Citation:  Waltheria indica L., Sp. Pl. 673. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 374. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 111(79). 1915; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 52. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 96. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 81. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 69. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 83. 1990; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 83. 1989; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 92. 1990; K.C. Malick in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 473. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 89. 1994; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 104. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 38. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 43. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 35. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 112. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 97. 2005; V. Chithra in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 476. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 141. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 167. 2009. Waltheria americana L., Sp. Pl. 673. 1753.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Erect, branching herbs or under shrubs; densely stellate-tomentose all over. Leaves 2-5 x 1-2.5 cm, elliptic-ovate to oblong, base cordate, margin serrate, apex rounded, venation impressed above and prominent beneath; petiole to 2.3 cm long. Flowers in axillary and terminal subsessile clusters. Calyx tube 2-4 mm long, campanulate; lobes 5. Petals 5, yellow, 4-5 mm long, obovate-obtuse. Stamens 5, connate below. Ovary villous, 1-celled; ovules 2; style c.1.5 mm long; stigma penicillate. Capsule 3-4 x 2 mm, obovoid, 2-valved, enclosed in calyx. Seed 1, c. 2 mm long, obovoid.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-January
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Degraded moist deciduous forest areas, also in the plains
  Distribution: Pantropical
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Chinnar, Thekkady, Ezhimala, Marayur, Vengoli, Nellimukal, Tellicherry, Taliparamba, Olavakkot, Attapady block-Mukkali, Aroor, Mannanchery, Nilambur, Kathirumudi
   
 
   
 
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