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  Vitis vinifera
 
  Family: VITACEAE
  Citation:  Vitis vinifera L., Sp. Pl. 202. 1753 Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 652. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 227(163). 1918; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 121. 1984; Shetty & P. Singh in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 324. 2000; B.V. Shetty & P. Singh in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 763. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 237. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Munthiri
  Tamil name(s): Draksha
  English name(s): Common grape vine, Wine grape, European grape, Grape
  Description: A large shrub, main stem stout, reaching a girth of 1.5 m. Leaves orbicular, cordate, pentagonal or dissected, 10.5-20 x 7-15 cm, serrate or irregularly dentate, acuminate, cordate, glabrous or glabrescent above, sparsely grey tomentose beneath and glabrescent membranous; petiole 4-10 cm long. Peduncle 4-5 cm long, often bearing unbranched tendril. Flower bisexual or functionally pistillate with shorter sterile stamens, greenish in colour, c. 1.5 x 1 mm; pedicel c. 2 mm long, wiry, elongated and thickened in fruit. Calyx minute, cupular. Petals 5, c. 1.5 mm long, ± lanceolate. Disc with 5 hypogynous glands, adnate to the base of ovary. Berry variable in size, shape and colour, 6-22 mm long, purple, black-violet, red, pinkish or greenish, 2-4 seeded, with juicy sweet or sour pulp. Seed pyriform or ovoid, 5-6 mm long, beaked.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): Idukki, Kollam, Palakkad, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Native of West Asia, widely cultivated
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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