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  Vigna unguiculata ssp. unguiculata
 
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp., Rep. 1: 779. 1892, ssp. unguiculata; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 93. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 159. 1984; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 177. 1990; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 277. 1992; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 108. 1995; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 245. 2009. Dolichos unguiculatus L., Sp. Pl. 725. 1753. Dolichos biflorus L., Sp. Pl. 727. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 210. 1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 367(259). 1918.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kottapayar
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Asparagus Bean, Barbati, Black Eye Pea, Blue Goose Southern Pea, Common Cowpea, Cowpea, Southern Pea, Wild Cow Pea
  Description: Erect or scandent or straggling or trailing or twining herbs, stems, petioles and peduncles glabrous or often covered with scattered tubercles. leaflets 7-16 x 4-11 cm, ovate-rhomboid-oblong, lateral ones often oblique at base; stipules 1-2 cm long. Racemes capitate, 3-8 tubercled, on 2-30 cm long peduncles. Flowers greenish-yellow, on 0.1-0.3 cm long pedicels; bracteoles fugacious. Calyx longitudinally ribbed, transversely plicate-tuberculate, 0.5-0.6 cm long, lobes acuminate. Standard petal 2-3 cm across, greenish on the back at first, afterwards yellowish, on the inside mostly bluish-violet, sometimes sordidly yellow. Pods subterete, 6-8.5 x 0.5-1.1 cm; seeds 9-30 per pod, black, red, yellow or white.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-January
  District(s): Alappuzha, Kollam, Palakkad, Kozhikkode
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Cultivated in South Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: Yes
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: R. Block, Kulathupuzha, Ariankavu
   
 
   
 
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