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  Vigna umbellata
 
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Vigna umbellata (Thunb.) Ohwi & Ohashi, Jap. J. Bot. 44: 31. 1969; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 159. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 140. 1989; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 276. 1992; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 177. 1990; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 31. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 158. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 118. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 104. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 224. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 193. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 315. 2009. Dolichos umbellatus Thunb., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 2: 339. 1794. Phaseolus calcaratus Roxb., Fl. Ind. 3: 289. 1832; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 203. 1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 363(256). 1918.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kattuzhunnu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Rice Bean
  Description: Slender twiners; stems reflexed hairy. Leaflets 10 x 5 cm, ovate, acuminate, hispid; petiole 10 cm long, slender, stipule 8 mm long, ovate, decurrent at base. Flowers 2-3-together, in short axillary racemes. Calyx 3 mm long, lobes ovate; petals yellow; standard 10 x 15 mm, strongly auricled at base; wings 8 x 6 mm, orbicular; keel 7 x 6 mm, incurved to one turn, spurred to one side. Pods 7 x 0.5 cm, compressed; seeds many.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-December
  District(s): Palakkad, Kottayam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 400-750
  Localities: Peechi, Vellanimala, Mangaladevi, Thellikkal, Mundanpara, Kannoth, Tolpetty, Silent Valley R. F., Bonaccord, Meenmutty
   
 
   
 
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