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  Vernonia salvifolia
 
  Family: ASTERACEAE/COMPOSITAE
  Citation:  Vernonia salvifolia Wight, Ic. t. 1079. 1846; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 237. 1881; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 675(475). 1921; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 270. 1994; Uniyal in Hajra et al., Fl. India 13: 385. 1995; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 214. 1998; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 396. 2002.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Large shrubs; stems white-woolly. Leaves clustered towards the tips of branchlets, to 8 x 2 cm, elliptic, acute at both ends, crenulate, rugose above, coriaceous, densely cottony-hairy below; petiole 5-10 mm long, stout. Cymes terminal, corymbose, to 10 cm across, branches stout, densely cottony-hairy. Heads 10 x 8 mm, subglobose, sessile, densely packed ; bracts to 7 x 2 mm, lanceolate, sharply acute, outer ones smaller, ovate, wooly. Flowers few; corolla 7 mm long, lobes oblong, acute, glabrous. Achenes 4 x 1.5 mm, oblong, 3-angled, smooth, glabrous, outer pappus 1 mm long, fimbriate; inner pappus 4 mm long, setaceous, white.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: May-October
  District(s): Idukki, Thiruvananthapuram
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Violet
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Endangered (EN)
  Altitude: 1400-1600
  Localities: Kottamala, Agastyarkudam, Agasthymala peak
   
 
   
 
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