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  Vernonia indica
 
  Family: ASTERACEAE/COMPOSITAE
  Citation:  Vernonia indica Clarke, Comp. Ind. 16. 1876; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 238. 1881; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 674(474). 1921; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 235. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 257. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 225. 1989; Uniyal in Hajra et al., Fl. India 13: 372. 1995; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 212. 1998; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 291. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 486. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrubs, 1-2 m high, usually not branching; stems white-wooly. Leaves simple, alternate, 12 x 5 cm, elliptic, acute at base and apex, serrate, glabrous above, densely white-tomentose below; nerves 6-8 pairs, raised below, reticulate. Heads many, 8 x 5 mm, globose, in panicled cymes; bracts unequal, oblong, obtuse, cottony-hairy. Flowers 5-10; corolla to 7 mm long, pink, glabrous. Achenes 2 mm long, strongly ribbed, glandular; pappus outer setaceous or absent; inner 6 mm long, setaceous, yellow.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-December
  District(s): Idukki, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Kannur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Grasslands
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Violet
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Mangaladevi, Campshed area, Kakki hills, Chandanathode, Lock-hert gap
   
 
   
 
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