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  Vernonia fysonii
 
  Family: ASTERACEAE/COMPOSITAE
  Citation:  Vernonia fysonii Calder, Rec. Bot. Surv. Ind. 6: 343. 1914; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 673(474). 1921; Uniyal in Hajra et al., Fl. India 13: 371. 1995.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kaliyamman-pathiri
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Subscandent subshrub; branchlets whitish. Leaves elliptic-lanceolate, to 7.5 x 2 cm, chartaceous, white-tomentose below, base attenuate, margin minutely serrate, apex acuminate; petiole 1.5 cm. Panicles terminal or in upper axils, 8 cm wide; peduncle 5(7) cm. Capitula c. 15-flowered, elongate, 6 mm wide; stalk 1 cm; bracts ovate, purple-tipped. Receptacle 2 mm wide. Involucre tubular, 7 mm. Phyllaries c. 5-seriate, 5 mm; outer ovate, inner lanceolate. Pappus 2-3 seriate, 7 mm. Corolla purple; tube 5 mm; lobes 5, lanceolate, 3 mm, recurved. Stamens 5, half-exserted. Style 9 mm; arms 3 mm. Achenes 10-ribbed.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-March
  District(s): Idukki
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Shola forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Purple
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Kanthaloor forests
   
 
   
 
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