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  Vanilla planifolia
 
  Family: ORCHIDACEAE
  Citation:  Vanilla planifolia Andr., Bot. Repos. 8: 538. 1809; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 680. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Vanila
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Vanila, Vanilla Orchid
  Description: Fleshy herbaceous perennial vine, climbing up trees to a height of 10-15 m by means of long, whitish adventitious roots, opposite the leaves; stem long, cylindrical, simply or branched, succulent, 1-2 cm in diameter, dark green. Leaves alternate, 8-25 cm x 2-8 cm, fleshy, subsessile, oblong-elliptic to lanceolate, rounded at base, acute to acuminate at top, with numerous parallel veins. Inflorescence axillary racemes, 5-8 cm long, usually 6-15-flowered. Flowers opening from the base of the inflorescence upwards, ca. 8 cm in diameter, waxy, fragrant. Sepals 3, oblong, 4-7 cm x 1-1.5 cm. Two upper petals resembling the sepals but slightly smaller. Lip trumpet-shaped, 4-5 x 1.5-3 cm. Column 3-5 cm long, attached to labellum, bearing at its tip 2 pollinia covered by a cap; stigma concave, separated from the pollinia by a thin flaplike rostellum. Fruit a pendulous, narrowly cylindrical capsule, 10-25 cm x 0.8-1.5 cm, obscurely 3-angled, splitting longitudinally when ripe; seeds numerous, globose, about 0.4 mm in diameter, black.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-April
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Native of South East Mexico and Central America, widely cultivated in other tropical countries
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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