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  Vallaris solanacea
  Citation:  Vallaris solanacea (Roth) O. Ktze., Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 417. 1891; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 815(572). 1923; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 162. 1982; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 296. 1994; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 432. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 525. 2009. Peltanthera solanacea Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp. 132. 1821. Vallaris heynei Spreng., Syst. Veg. Veg. 1: 635. 1825; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 650. 1825. Vallaris dichotoma (Roxb.) Wall. ex G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 79. 1837-1838. Echites dichotoma Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2:19.1832.
  Malayalam Name(s): Vishappala
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Ramsar
  Description: Bark smooth, yellowish-white covered with grey lenticels; stem with milky latex. Leaves 5-12 x 2.5 cm, elliptic oblong lanceolate, acute or acuminate, cuneate at the base, glabrous; petiole 1-1.5 cm long. Inflorescence axillary of 3-many flowered lax cyme; peduncle short, glabrous or pubescent. Flower white, fragrant, c. 1.5 cm across, bracts linear, or lanceolate, acute, pubescent. Pedicel slender, pubescent, upto to 1 cm, mostly recurved. Calyx pubescent tube short, lobes c. 2.5 mm long, acuminate or acute. Corolla-tube narrow, cylindrical, 4-5 mm long, hairy within, pubescent outside, lobes orbicular or obovate, obtuse, 6-8 x 6-10 mm. Stamens included, inserted at the mouth of the tube, anther united to form a sharp cone-like structure, c. 2 mm long, connective horse-shoe shaped. Disc lobes ciliate, ovary hairy, stigma subulate. Fruit somewhat beaked, 10-15 x 3-5 cm.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-June
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests, wastelands and also grown as garden plant
  Distribution: Sri Lanka through India to Himalayas, Bangladesh, Myanmar, South China and Indo-China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: KFRI garden, Alleppey town
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