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  Uvaria zeylanica
  Citation:  Uvaria zeylanica L., Sp. Pl. 536. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 51. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 13(9). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 65. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 59. 1989; Debika Mitra in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 295. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 625. 1994; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 49. 2005; M. Mohanan in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 174. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 79. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Slender, climbing shrubs; young branches ferruginous-tomentose. Leaves alternate, elliptic or oblong-lanceolate, obtuse or cuneate at base, bluntly acuminate or rarely acute at apex, 5- 9.5 x 2-3 cm, thin-coriaceous, glabrous; lateral nerves 7-15 pairs; petioles 3-4 mm long. Flowers solitary, rarely paired, terminal or leaf-opposed; pedicels 3-7 mm long, ferruginous-pubescent; bracts few, elliptic, 1.5-2.5 mm long, pubescent, caducous. Sepals 3, orbicular or ovate, subretuse and reflexed at apex, 4-5 x 5-6 mm, pubescent. Petals 6 in 2 series, elliptic or ovate-oblong, slightly reflexed at apex, 7-12 x 4-6 mm, pubescent outside, glabrous inside except margin, dull red or purple. Stamens all fertile, broadly oblong or obovate-cuneate, 1-1.5 x 0.5-0.7 mm; connectives obliquely truncate and flat. Carpels many, obovate-oblong, ca 1 mm long, pubescent; stigma sessile, subcapitate. Fruitlets ovoid, rounded at both ends, ca 1 cm long, pubescent, brownish red; seeds 3-6, 1-seriate, ovoid, compressed, 6-7 x 4-5 mm, smooth; stalks1-2 mm long.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-March
  District(s): Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram
  Habitat: In the plains and sacred groves
  Distribution: South India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Aruvikkara, Kodumon, Vandanam
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