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  Urena lobata ssp. sinuata
  Citation:  Urena lobata L. ssp. sinuata (L.) Borss., Blumea 14: 142. 1966; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 329. 1874; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 46. 1982; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 78. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 65. 1988; T.K. Paul & M.P. Nayar, Fasc. Fl. Ind. 19: 230. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 85. 1990; Paul in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3:382.1993; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 63. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 40. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 96. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 30. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 103. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 92. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 158. 2009. Urena sinuata L., Sp. Pl. 692. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 329. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 92(66). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 91. 1984; Sivar. & Pradeep, Malvac. Southern Peninsular India 184. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 34. 1998; M. Mohanan & A.V.N. Rao in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 441. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 133. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Uthiram, Uram
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Erect annual herbs. Leaves plametly deeply lobed, alternate, 6 x 7 cm, base truncate, velvety tomentose on both sides, to 7-ribbed at base. Flowers axillary, usually solitary, sometimes 2 or 3 in a cluster; pedicels 3-8 mm long. Involucral bracts 5, 5-6 x 1.5-2 mm, connate at base, clothed with rigid hairs. Calyx 5-9 mm long, campanulate, 5-parted; lobes ovate-elliptic, margins pubescent. Corolla pink with dark center; petals to 15 x 9 mm, obovate with rounded apex, stellate-hairy without. Staminal column, pinkish; anthers pale pink. Ovary to 4 mm across, subglobose, stiff-hirsute; Stigmas capitate. Schizocarp 10-12 mm across, globose; mericarps 5, to 8 x 5 mm, trigonous, densely stellate-pubescent, also with many glochidate spines; seeds to 4 mm long, reniform, angular.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-December
  District(s): All Districts
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests and in the plains
  Distribution: Pantropical
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Pink
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Peechi, Thekkady, Thunakkadavu, Maniyaar, Kannoth, Sreekantapuram, Payyavur, Mukkali forests, Mangad, Alleppey town, Nadugani ghats, Bonaccord
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