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  Urena lobata ssp. lobata
  Citation:  Urena lobata L., Sp. Pl. 692. 1753, ssp. lobata; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 329. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 92(66). 1915 Borss., Blumea 14: 140. 1966; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 91. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 29. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 65. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 79. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 75. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 85. 1990; T.K. Paul in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 380. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 83. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 31. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 18. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 63. 1996; Sivar. & Pradeep, Malvac. Southern Peninsular India 180. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 95. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 40. 1997; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 59. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 34. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 39. 1999; Pradeep, Fl. Vellarimala 26. 2000; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 31. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 102. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 92. 2005; M. Mohanan & A.V.N. Rao in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 440. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 132. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 158. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Cheeli, Kuruvachedi, Oorppan, Uthiram, Uram, Vattooram
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Aramina Fibre, Congo Jute, Caesarweed
  Description: Erect branched subshrubs to 2m tall; stems densely stellate-pubescent. Leaves simple to 3 - 5 shawlloly lobed, alternate, 3-10 x 3-9 cm, broadly to narrowly ovate, upper most leaves sometimes lanceolate, 3-5 angular to shallowly lobulate, truncate or cordate at base, margin obscurely crenate-serrate; 5-7-nerved from base, sparsely stellate-pubescent above, densely stellate-pubescent below, with 1-3 elliptic nectaries on principal nerves, lobes generally acute or acuminate, varying in size; petioles 3-8 cm long, stellate-pubescent; stipules up to 4 mm long, linear to subulate. Flowers axillary, usually solitary, sometimes 2 or 3 in a cluster; pedicels 3-8 mm long. Involucral bracts 5, 5-6 x 1.5-2 mm, spathulate, connate at base, clothed with rigid hairs. Calyx 5-9 mm long, campanulate, 5-parted; lobes ovate-elliptic, margins pubescent. Corolla pink with dark center; petals to 15 x 9 mm, obovate with rounded apex, stellate-hairy without. Staminal column 8-10 mm long, pinkish; anthers pale pink. Ovary to 4 mm across, subglobose, stiff-hirsute; Stigmas capitate. Schizocarp 10-12 mm across, globose; mericarps 5, to 8 x 5 mm, trigonous, densely stellate-pubescent, also with many glochidate spines; seeds to 4 mm long, reniform, angular.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-December
  District(s): All Districts
  Habitat: Degraded forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Pantropical
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Pink
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 500-1400
  Localities: Sholayar, Peringalkuth, Kattalappara, Pachankalithode, Thekkady, Methaganam, Aruvikad, Nelluyampathy forests, Karimala, Pathenthode, Plapally, Damsite, Cannanore, Kaikatty, Aroor, Pooyamkutty, Kanjirakadavu, Thenmalai, Kulathupuzha, Ariankavu, Vandalodu,
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