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  Tylophora indica var. indica
 
  Family: ASCLEPIADACEAE
  Citation:  Tylophora indica (Burm. f.) Merr., Philipp. J. Sci. 19: 373. 1921, var. indica; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 169. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 259. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 247. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 438. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 292. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 300. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 224. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 15. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 293. 1996; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 320. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 443. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 535. 2009. Cynanchum indicum Burm. f., Fl. Ind. 70. 1768. Tylophora asthmatica (L. f.) Wight & Arn. in Wight, Contrib. 51. 1834; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 44. 1883; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 843(593). 1923. Asclepias asthmatica L. f., Suppl. Pl. 171. 1781. Asclepias prolifera Rottl. ex Ainslie, Mat. Ind. 2: 225. 1826.
  Malayalam Name(s): Vallippala
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Emetic swallow-wort, Indian ipecacuanha
  Description: Slender, pubescent climbers. Leaves simple, opposite, 4-10 x 2-5.5 cm, ovate to oblong, acute or acuminate apex, base subcordate, entire, slightly pubescent on both sides, petiole to 0.8 cm. Flowers greenish-purple or greenish-yellow, in umbellate cymes; pedicel to 1.3 cm; bracts filiform, hairy. Calyx hairy outside, divded nearly to the base, lobes linear-lanceolate, to 2 mm. Corolla 1 cm across, lobes to 4 mm long. Corona single, lobes acuminate at tip. Ovary ob-conical; style to 1 mm; follicle cylindric, acute at both ends small, flat. Follicles 7-10 cm long, oblong, tapering towards the apex, glabrous; seeds 7 mm long, broadly ovate, coma 2-2.5 cm long.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-July
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Along bushes and thickets
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Pink, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Ezhimala, Kanthaloor forests, Kuruva Island, Parakode, Bhavani river bank, Ariankavu, S.L. Puram
   
 
   
 
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