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  Turnera subulata
 
  Family: TURNERACEAE
  Citation:  Turnera subulata Smith in Rees, Cyclop. 36. 1819; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 117. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 192. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 172. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 279. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 206. 1994; Madhusoodanan & Rejani, Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 13: 129. 1989; Binoj. et al., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 24: 300. 2000; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 231. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 313. 2009. Turnera elegans Otto in Nees, Hort. Phys. Berol 36. 1820. Turnera ulmifolia L. var. elegans (Otto) Urban, Monogr. Turn. 139. 1883; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 523(369). 1919.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): West Indian Holly, Sage Rose
  Description: Subshrubs. Leaves simple, alternate; stipules minute. Lamina elliptic-ovate to lanceate, 2.5-6 by 1-3.5 cm, base cuneate-decurrent; margin serrate-dentate, apex obtuse, subacute to acute, sparsely puberulous, gland-dotted, lateral nerves c. 8 pairs, chartaceous; petiole with a pair of glands towards the apex. Flowers bisexual, 5-merous, solitary in upper leaf-axils; bracteoles linear-subulate; pedicel adnate to the petiole throughout; calyx-tube small, lobes 5, linear; petals 5, yellow with deep purple centre; stamens 5, inserted at the base of calyx-tube. Capsule loculicidal, globose. Seeds many, pitted.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): Kottayam, Kollam, Alappuzha, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram, Malappuram, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Ernakulam, Kannur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Grown in garden, often found as an escape
  Distribution: Native of Tropical America
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Tiruvalla, Devagiri, Valavanadu, Calicut University
   
 
   
 
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