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  Triumfetta rhomboidea
 
  Family: TILIACEAE
  Citation:  Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq., Enum. Syst. Pl. 22. 1760; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 395. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 120(86). 1915; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 52. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 98. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 85. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 35. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 72. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 86. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 89. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 95. 1990; P. Daniel & M. Chandra. in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 520. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 92. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 44. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 73. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 46. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 111. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 41. 1998; Pradeep, Fl. Vellarimala 29. 2000; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 38. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 118. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 101. 2005; P. Daniel in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 497. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 144. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 172. 2009. Triumfetta angulata Lam., Encycl. 3: 421. 1789. Triumfetta trilocularis Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 462. 1832. Triumfetta tungarensis Billore, Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 3: 621. 1982.
  Malayalam Name(s): Oorpam, Ottukayal
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Burweed
  Description: Erect, much-branched undershrubs; stem hairy, stellate hairs mixed with simple hairs. Leavessimple,m alternate, 2.5-7 x 2.5-6 cm, generally rhomboid-ovate, base rounded or cordate, margins irregularly serrate, apex acute or acuminate, stellate-pubescent to glabrescent; basal ones palmately 3-lobed; petioles up to 4 cm long; stipules 3-4 mm long, subulate. Flowers in terminal or leaf-opposed cymes, 5-6 mm across, shortly pedicellate. Sepals 4-5 mm long, lanceolate, hairy without. Petals yellow, 4-5 mm long, oblong-obovate. Stamens 8-15. Ovary c. 1.5 mm long, ovoid, setose. Capsules 4-5 mm across, subglobose, stellate hairy outside, setose; setae c. 2 mm long, hooked at tip.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-January
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Degraded deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Pantropical
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: Yes
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 400-1400
  Localities: Peechi, Kattalappara, Thunakkadavu, Athirapally, Damsite, Pathenthode, Ambayathode, Kuthuparamba, Pothundy, Konnakadu, Panavally, Kundamangalam, Pooyamkutty, Canoli, Ampumala, Thenmalai, Kulathupuzha, Muthappanpuzha, Bonaccord, Pongalapara
   
 
   
 
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