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  Trichosanthes nervifolia
 
  Family: CUCURBITACEAE
  Citation:  Trichosanthes nervifolia L., Sp. Pl. 1008. 1753; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 529(373). 1919; Chakrav., Fasc. Fl. Ind. 11: 119. 1982; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 120. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 196. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 120. 1988; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 150. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 206. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 136. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 300. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 157. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 136. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 237. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 327. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 395. 2009. Trichosanthes cuspidata Lam., Encycl. 1: 188. 1783; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 529(373). 1919.
  Malayalam Name(s): Cherupadavalam, Kattupadavalam, Patolam
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Scandant herbs; tendrils bifid. Leaves simple, opposite, 6-14 x 5-7 cm, ovate-lanceolate, apex gradually acute, base cordate, margins distantly denticulate, basally 5-nerved, prominent on lower side, membranous; petiole to 3 cm long. Male flowers in racemes; pedicels slender. Calyx-tube c. 1.2 cm long, oblong, dilated above, 5-lobed; lobes filiform. Corolla white, 5-lobed; lobes oblong, fimbriate. Pistillodes 3. Female flowers solitary; ovary 1-locular, ovoid; ovules many; style slender; stigma entire or lobed. Fruit 7-10 x 3-5 cm, ellipsoid, red on ripening; seeds semi-ellipsoid, compressed, rugulose.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-January
  District(s): Palakkad, Alappuzha, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kannur
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: South West India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Sholayar, Kallar, Mlappara, Puthussery, Methaganam, Padikkundu, Poochapara, Moozhiar, Alleppey town, Ampumala
   
 
   
 
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