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  Trichosanthes lepiniana
 
  Family: CUCURBITACEAE
  Citation:  Trichosanthes lepiniana (Naud.) Cogn. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 3: 377. 1881; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 530(374). 1919; Chakrav., Fasc. Fl. Ind. 11: 116. 1982; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 326. 2009. Involucraria lepiniana Naud. in Huber, Cat. 11. 1868.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Tendril climbers; stem robust, branched, glabrous. Leaves alternate, suborbicular, 9-17(-20) cm, shortly 3-5-lobed up to middle, adaxially rough; lobe margin denticulate, apex acute or shortly acuminate; petiole 4-7 cm, striate, glabrous or glandular-punctate. Male racemes 13-17 cm; peduncle robust, striate, glabrous; pedicels ca. 5 mm; bracts suborbicular, ca. 4 cm, cucullate, margin lacerate; calyx tube attenuate from apex toward base, ca. 7 cm, puberulent; segments narrowly ovate, ca. 1.5 × 0.4 cm, margin laciniate. Female flowers solitary; pedicel 2.5-3 cm, glabrous, striate; bracts ovate, ca. 1.5 × 1 cm, entire; calyx tube ca. 4 cm; ovary ovoid, ca. 1.5 × 1 cm, glabrous. Fruit red, ovoid, ca. 9 cm in diam., smooth; seeds brown, broadly ovate, ca. 1.5 × 0.8-1 cm, base obtuse or attenuate, apex truncate.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-November
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Along the roadsides and sacred grooves in the plains
  Distribution: India and Malaysia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -500
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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