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  Trichosanthes cucumerina
 
  Family: CUCURBITACEAE
  Citation:  Trichosanthes cucumerina L., Sp. Pl. 1008. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 609. 1879; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 529(373). 1919; Chakrav., Fasc. Fl. Ind. 11: 112. 1982; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 201. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 299. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 215. 1990; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 298. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 156. 1998; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 237. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 326. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 395. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Janglichachinda, Kattupadavalam, Kayappanpadavalam, Patolam, Padavalam
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Snake gourd, Malabar Patola
  Description: Vines. Leaves 8-11 x 8-10 cm, palmately 3-5-lobed, broadly ovate or sub-orbicular, base truncate-cordate, margin distantly denticulate, apex acute, lower surface glandular-pubescent, chartaceous; petiole to 3.2 cm. Male flowers in axilliary racemes, ebracteate; pedicel to 2 cm long. Calyx-tube turbinate, glandular-pubscent, lobes linear. Petals oblong-lanceolate, long-fimbriate, white. Stamens 3; pistillodes 3, slender. Female flowers solitary; pedicel to 1.5 cm. Ovary ribbed, pubescent; style to 1.6 cm. Fruits ovoid-fusiform, beaked, white-striped when young, yellow when ripe.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-May
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Forest margins in semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Methaganam, Moozhiar, Konni, Chandanathode, Karasurymala, Kadakarapally, Pooyamkutty, Karuvarakundu
   
 
   
 
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