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  Trichosanthes anguina
 
  Family: CUCURBITACEAE
  Citation:  Trichosanthes anguina L., Sp. Pl. 1008. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 610. 1879; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 530(373). 1919; Chakrav., Fasc. Fl. Ind. 11: 108. 1982; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 120. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 196. 1984; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 217. 1990.
  Malayalam Name(s): Padavalam
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Snake gourd
  Description: Annuals; stems slender, puberulous. Leaves alternate, 10-15 x 12-18 cm, orbicular-reniform, distantly denticulate, deeply 5-lobed lobes not acuminate pubescent on both surfaces; petiole 12-15 cm long, stout, striate, villose. Tendrils 2-3 fid. Plants monoecious. Male flowers: peduncles 10-25 cm long, robust, 8-15 flowered; pedicels 0.5-2.0 cm long, slender, minutely bracteate; calyx-tube 2.5-3.0 cm long, subcylindric, teeth ca. 2 mm long, reflexed. Petals ca. 8-9 x 3 mm, oblong, 3-nerved. Staminal filaments slender, ca. 2 mm long; anthers ovoid; pistillode 15-17 mm long. Female flowers: peduncles 0.5-5.0 cm long, flowers solitary; ovary narrowly fusiform. Fruits very long (up to 1.5 m), often twisted, surface smooth, often 7-8 white stripes along the length; seeds ca. 14-17 x 7-9 mm and ca. 3-5 mm thick, oblong, finely rugulose, undulate, apex round or obscurely truncate, base attenuate.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-February
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Tropical Asia and Africa
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: Yes
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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