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  Toddalia asiatica
 
  Family: RUTACEAE
  Citation:  Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 2: 116. 1797; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 150(107). 1915; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 59. 1982; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 25,33. 1996; K.N. Nair & M.P. Nayar in Hajra et al., Fl. India 4: 403.1997; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 69. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 55. 1998; Pradeep, Fl. Vellarimala 38. 2000; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 51. 2002; R.K. Premanath in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 610. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 199. 2009. Paullinia asiatica L., Sp. Pl. 365. 1753. Toddalia aculeata (Smith) Pers., Syn. Pl. 1: 249. 1805; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 497. 1875. Toddalia floribunda Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 17, t. 232. 1832. Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam. var. floribunda (Wall.) Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal pt.2, Nat. Hist. 44: 130. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 151(107). 1915; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 46. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 85. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 106. 1990; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 85. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 126. 1997; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 113. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 159. 2009. Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam., Illustr. 2: 116. 1797, var. obtusifolia Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 151(107). 1915; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 47. 1988; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 146. 2002; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 85. 1996. Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam. var. gracilis Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 151(107). 1915; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 111. 1990; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 57. 1999.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kanthamkolunthu, Kanthammullu, Kakkathodali, Karamullu, Melakkaranam, Mulakuthali
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Forest pepper, Lopez root
  Description: Stragglers, the stem scrambling by the sharp, recurved prickles. Leaves trifoliolate; leaflets sessile, 3-6 x 1.5-2.5 cm, ovate to oblong-lanceolate, apex obtuse or acute, base acute, margins shallowly crenulate, thin-coriaceous; petiole to 2.5 cm, often prickly beneath. Panicles axillary, to 5 cm long. Flowers c. 4 mm across. Sepals small, deltoid. Petals 3 x 1.5 cm, oblong, cream coloured, glandular. Stamens 3 mm long. Ovary in the pistillate flowers on a short gynophore. Fruit ca. 5 mm across, subglobose, apiculate, glandular, orange colour when ripe; seeds 3 or 4, subreniform.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-July
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen and shola forests, also in scrub jungles
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia and Africa
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -2500
  Localities: Sholayar, Karimala Hills, Deviar, Uppermanalar, Alampetty, Vengoli, Pooppara, Karimala, Varadimalai area, Upper Moozhiar, Moozhiar, Sispara, Pathenthode, Kuzhichundan mala, Chandanathode, Old Devicolam, Thuthampara, Kanichukulangara, Thalichola, Karuvara
   
 
   
 
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